Examining Homeostatic Regulation of Tissue Properties and Tendon Pathology Through the Use of Novel Explant Culture Models

Friday, January 18, 2019 -
2:00pm to 3:00pm
The FUNG Auditorium
Brianne K. Connizzo

Postdoctoral Fellow

Biological Engineering

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Examining Homeostatic Regulation of Tissue Properties and Tendon Pathology Through the Use of Novel Explant Culture Models

Abstract: 

Tendon and ligament tears, often associated with age-related degeneration, are among the most prevalent and devastating musculoskeletal injuries affecting the population. Our work is focused on how the maintenance of tissue properties is coordinated and controlled throughout life, and using this knowledge to identify mechanisms of age-related tendon degeneration. Through the development of novel murine tendon explant culture models, including a rotator cuff organ culture model, we are able to maintain living cells in their native three-dimensional environment and control mechanical and biochemical stimuli, providing a number of benefits over traditional in vitro or in vivo experiments. Currently, we are using these models to explore inflammation- and loading-induced tendon damage using a combination of added biologics and custom-designed loading bioreactors. Specifically, we seek to identify the role of pro-inflammatory factors in altering overall tendon health and explore the efficacy of targeted and broad-spectrum therapeutics in delaying or preventing cytokine-induced tendon degeneration. We are currently also exploring sex- and aging-related differences in the regulation of tendon properties given recent evidence of differing aging processes in males and females. Ultimately, these studies will be critical in identifying and decoupling initiating factors in age- and loading-related tissue damage in order to aid in the prevention of tendon and ligament injuries, develop and evaluate appropriate therapies, and advise regenerative medicine strategies.

Bio: 

Dr. Brianne Connizzo is an NIH-sponsored postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Biological Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She previously obtained her Ph.D. in Bioengineering from the University of Pennsylvania and her B.S in Engineering from Smith College. Her research focuses on how extracellular matrix adaptations at the nanoscale influence multi-scale tendon function and how this process changes naturally throughout life, with the ultimate goal of identifying and preventing the initiation of age-related tendon degeneration and injuries.